The Montessori method is an educational discipline that encourages the development of the child as a whole and in-depth. This pedagogy is based on the observation of children’s behavior in structured and unstructured environments, and, although the concept was created in the last century, it’s only been since 2007, that numerous studies on the Montessori method have been emerging, proving its effectiveness in exploring the cognitive, social, emotional aspects and brain development. It is more and more frequent, the application of the method in the environment of babies ‘ and children’s rooms, and in other play spaces. 

What is the concept behind the Montessori method?

Its philosophy is quite extensive and almost impossible to summarize in a text, but its pillars are: the child, the conscious adult, and the prepared environment, need to be aligned and connected, like an ecosystem, for its effectiveness. There will be no transformation if the physical environment is entirely planned in the Montessori methodology, in its composition offering the baby calm, welcome, respect – for both adult and child – and harmony, but the parents do not give the baby the freedom to explore the world. Among the skills that Montessori pedagogy develops are concentration, creativity, curiosity, sense of justice, and emotional intelligence.

The Montessori pedagogy assumes that children are largely responsible for building the world, as they become adults – because it is how you develop as a child that will determine what you will be like as an adult. In other words, a child is not a passive individual who will be what others determine them to be, on the contrary, they are active beings who have a continuous effort to face and change humanity in the future. Therefore, the child always strives to become more independent from adults, seeking strength and potency in themselves. In Montessori education, children develop in phases, which they call Development Plans. Children seek more and more independence from adults at each stage.

How to apply Montessori pedagogy in the environment?

It is always recommended to start designing and introducing the Montessori pedagogy in the baby’s room, as it is the environment that they will spend the most time on, but preparing all environments is important so that the baby has the freedom to explore the house and different places, of course, making sure it is safe to the little one. Some characteristics are necessary for building these spaces, bringing accessibility and safety to the child, such as:

These items, applied to the environment, help the baby develop independently as a whole, with, of course, the conscious adult always nearby.